How Your Corporation Will Be Taxed
In this guide, you'll learn about the
main Alabama taxes that apply to
corporations, including sales,
self-employment, corporate and federal
How your corporation is taxed will depend on whether it's an S Corp or a C Corp.
Alabama Taxes for Corporations
There are three types of AL state tax
you must pay to the AL Department of
Revenue: income, sales and business
privilege. Depending on how your
business is set up, you may also need
to pay use tax.
Important: All of these taxes apply whether you have a C Corp or an S Corp.
Alabama State Income Tax
As a business owner, you’ll need to
pay Alabama income tax on any money
you pay to yourself. These earnings
flow through to your personal tax
return. You’ll be taxed at the
standard rates for Alabama, and you’ll
get to apply regular allowances and
Any salaried employees will also need to pay Alabama state income tax.
Alabama income tax rates range between 2 and 5 percent, depending on how much you earn.
Alabama Sales and Use Tax
These tax types are similar enough that they're often categorized together. It's still important to understand the differences between them.
Federal Taxes for Corporations
Federal taxes can be complicated, so speak to your accountant or professional tax preparer to ensure that your Alabama corporation is paying the correct amount, and that you're paying the correct individual amount.
Federal Taxes for C Corps
All shareholders who earn wages or a
salary from a C Corporation must pay
self-employment tax. This tax is
administered by the Federal Insurance
Contributions Act (FICA) and covers
Social Security, Medicare and other
benefits. The current self-employment
tax rate is 15.3 percent.
You’ll be able to deduct some of your business expenses from your income when calculating how much self-employment tax you owe.
Federal Taxes for S Corps
The Internal Revenue Service allows a
corporation to be treated as an
for tax purposes, provided your
meets certain requirements. This can help you reduce the amount
of self-employment tax you pay by
allowing you to declare some of your
income as salary and other income as
distributions or withdrawals.
You do this by filing Form 2553, also known as an S Corp Election form, with the IRS. Bizee can also file the form for you. Use our S Corp Tax Calculator to get an idea of how much money you could save with this election.
Consult with your accountant or tax advisor for more information on reducing your self-employment tax through an S Corporation tax election.
You can do this by making an “S Corporation Tax Election” with the IRS using Form 2553. We can file your Form 2553 with the IRS on your behalf.
Unlike a limited liability company or an S Corporation, a C Corporation is required to file a corporate tax return and pay taxes on any profits.
When those profits are paid to shareholders as dividends, they will also be subject to taxation on the shareholders' personal tax returns.
This is often referred to as “double taxation” and is one reason many business owners prefer to file their taxes as S Corporations.
Note: It is possible for a C Corp to file taxes as an S Corp. Consult with your accountant or professional tax advisor for more information.
A C Corporation may pay shareholders dividends as a share of the profits of the company. The value of dividends to which each shareholder is entitled depends on how many shares they own.
Dividends distributed to shareholders are taxed twice — first at the corporate level as profit (on the corporation’s Form 1120, the U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return) and again at the individual level as stock dividends (on the shareholder's Form 1040, the U.S. Individual Income Tax Return).
Employee and Employer Taxes
If you pay employees, there are some slightly different tax implications. Speak to your accountant to get clear guidance for your unique situation.
Other Taxes and Duties
Depending on your industry, you may be
liable for certain other taxes and
duties. For example, if you sell
gasoline, you may need to pay a tax on
any fuel you sell. Likewise, if you
import or export goods, you may need
to pay certain duties.
Speak to your accountant about any other taxes or duties you may need to withhold or pay.
If you expect to owe $500 or more in income tax, you must make four quarterly estimated tax payments to the IRS. You'll estimate your total tax on Form 1120-W, then pay 25% on each due date. Please note that the IRS will no longer be updating Form 1120-W, so follow up with your accountant with any questions on estimated tax payments after 2023.
Important: This applies to you as the owner of the C Corporation, not the business itself. C Corporations do not pay income tax.
It's a little less straightforward for an S Corp, which will pay estimated taxes by filing an IRS Form 1120-S, which is the income tax return form for S Corps.
Also, as the owner of an S Corp, you'll need to make estimated payments on self-employment tax.