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How Your LLC Will Be Taxed
In this guide, we’ll cover the main business taxes required in Connecticut, including sales, self-employment and federal taxes. The profits of an LLC aren’t taxed at the business level like C Corporations. Instead, taxes are as follows:
- Owners pay self-employment tax on business profits.
- Owners pay Connecticut income tax on any profits, minus state allowances or deductions.
- Owners pay federal income tax on any profits, minus federal allowances or deductions.
- Some LLCs pay Connecticut sales tax on products.
- Employers pay payroll tax on any salaries they pay to employees.
- Employees pay state and federal taxes on their earnings.
Items 1, 2 and 3 fall under pass-through taxation for any LLC owners, managers or members who receive profits from the business. Profits are reported on federal and state personal tax returns.
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State Taxes for LLCs
There are two main types of state tax you must pay to the Connecticut Department of Revenue: sales and income.
Connecticut Sales Tax
If you sell physical products or certain types of services, you may need to collect sales tax and then pay it to the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services. Sales tax is collected at the point of purchase and varies depending on the region, county or city where your business is located.
You’ll typically need to collect Connecticut sales tax on:
- Tangible, personal property and goods that you sell, such as furniture, cars, electronics, appliances, books, raw materials, etc.
- Certain services your business may provide
Most states don’t levy sales tax on goods that are considered necessities, such as food, medications, clothing or gas. Use our sales tax calculator to determine how much you'll need to pay, but also check with your accountant and the Department of Revenue Services to confirm whether your business is required to collect Connecticut sales tax and, to ensure you pay the correct amount.
Connecticut Income Tax
As a business owner, you’ll need to pay Connecticut income tax on any money you pay to yourself. These earnings flow through to your personal tax return. You’ll be taxed at Connecticut's standard rates, and you’ll also get to apply regular allowances and deductions.
Any salaried employees will also need to pay state tax on their income.
The Connecticut income tax rate varies between 3 percent and 6.99 percent, depending on how much you earn.
How to get a State Tax ID for Connecticut
In order to pay state taxes, you must apply for a Connecticut tax registration number. You can obtain a number by registering your business online. The fee(s) you'll pay will depend on the type(s) of tax your business will collect.
Federal Taxes for LLCs
As the owner of an LLC, you must pay self-employment tax and federal income tax, which are taxed as “pass-through” income.
Federal taxes can be complicated, so be sure to speak to your accountant or professional tax preparer to ensure that your Connecticut LLC is paying the correct amount.
Federal Self-Employment Tax
All members or managers who take profits out of the LLC must pay self-employment tax. This tax is administered by the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) and covers Social Security, Medicare and other benefits. The current self-employment tax rate is 15.3 percent.
You’ll be able to deduct some of your business expenses from your income when calculating how much self-employment tax you owe.
Here are some examples of how much self-employment tax you may need to pay, depending on your earnings:
- On profits of $100,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $15,300.
- On profits of $120,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $18,360.
- On profits of $140,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $21,420.
- On profits of $160,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $24,480.
Pay Less Self-Employment Tax by Treating Your LLC As an S Corporation
The Internal Revenue Service allows an LLC to be treated as an S Corporation for tax purposes, provided your business meets certain requirements. This can help you reduce the amount of self-employment tax you pay by allowing you to declare some of your income as salary and other income as distributions or withdrawals.
You do this by filing Form 2553, also known as an S Corp Election form, with the IRS. Bizee can also file the form for you. Use our S Corp Tax Calculator to get an idea of how much money you could save with this election.
Consult with your accountant or tax advisor for more information on reducing your LLC self-employment tax through an S Corporation tax election.
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Federal Income Tax
You must also pay regular federal income tax on any earnings you take out of your LLC. The amount of income tax you pay depends on your earnings, current income tax bracket, deductions and filing status.
You only pay federal income tax on profits you take out of the business, less certain deductions and allowances. This includes your tax-free amount, plus business expenses and other deductions for areas such as healthcare and some retirement plans.
Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employee and Employer Taxes
If you pay employees, there are some slightly different tax implications. Speak to your accountant to get clear guidance for your unique situation.
- Employer Payroll Tax Withholding
All employers must withhold federal taxes from their employees’ wages. You’ll withhold 7.65 percent of their taxable wages, and your employees will also be responsible for 7.65 percent, totaling the current federal tax rate of 15.3 percent.
Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employees May Need to File Tax Returns
Regardless of whether you withhold federal and state income tax, your employees may need to file their own tax returns.
Employee Insurance and Other Requirements
You may also need to pay insurance for any employees, such as employee compensation insurance or unemployment tax.
Other Taxes and Duties for Your LLC
Depending on your industry, you may be liable for certain other taxes and duties. For example, if you sell gasoline, you may need to pay a tax on any fuel you sell. Likewise, if you import or export goods, you may need to pay certain duties.
Speak to your accountant about any other taxes or duties you may need to withhold or pay.
Most LLCs must pay estimated taxes throughout the year, depending on the amount of profit and income you expect to make. The most common types of estimated tax are:
- Federal income tax
- Federal self-employment tax
- Connecticut income tax
Most LLCs will pay estimated taxes on a quarterly basis. Learn more on the IRS website, and speak to your accountant for more information.
FAQs on Connecticut Business Taxes
Does Connecticut Have Sales Tax?
Yes. Connecticut does have a sales tax, which may vary among cities and counties. You can find more information above.
Does Connecticut Have an Income Tax?
Yes. Connecticut does have a state income tax. You can find more information above.
Does Connecticut Have a Franchise Tax?
No. Connecticut does not have a franchise tax. At one time, there was a Connecticut business entity tax, but it was phased out as of January 1, 2020.
Do I Need to Pay Estimated Taxes?
Yes. In most cases, you must pay estimated taxes to the state and federal governments. You can find more information above.