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How Your LLC Will Be Taxed
In this guide, we’ll cover the main business taxes required in Alaska, including payroll, self-employment, and federal taxes. The profits of an LLC aren’t taxed at the business level like C Corporations. Instead, taxes are as follows:
- Owners pay self-employment tax on business profits.
- Owners pay state income tax on any profits, minus state allowances or deductions.
- Owners pay federal income tax on any profits, minus federal allowances or deductions.
- Employers pay payroll tax on any wages they pay to employees.
- Employees pay state and federal taxes on their earnings.
Items 1, 2, and 3 fall under pass-through taxation for any LLC owners, managers, or members who receive profits from the business. Profits are reported on federal and state personal tax returns.
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State Taxes for LLCs
There are two main types of state tax you might have to pay to your state Department of Revenue: income tax, and sales and use tax. However, the state of Alaska does not charge a state income tax and does not have a statewide sales tax. That being said, many localities, towns, and cities in Alaska do charge their own sales tax.
Alaska Corporate Income Tax
If your business is incorporated in Alaska, does business in, or participates in certain other activities in Alaska, you may have to pay Corporation Income Tax to the Department of Revenue. You’ll have to pay Corporate Income Tax if you’ve elected to have your LLC taxed as a corporation. The Corporation Income Tax is a tax on the Alaska taxable income of every domestic or foreign corporation that enjoys the benefits and protections of the government and laws in the State of Alaska, or derives income from property, activity, or other sources in Alaska. Alaska currently taxes corporate income at graduated rates ranging from 0% to 9.4% divided over 10 tax brackets.
Alaska Sales and Use Tax
Alaska does not levy a statewide sales and use tax, however many localities, towns, and cities in Alaska do charge their own sales tax. If you sell physical products or certain types of services, you may need to collect sales tax (also known as sales and use tax) and then pay it to your local or regional authority. Alaska sales tax is collected at the point of purchase. Alaska sales tax rates do vary depending on the region, county, or city where you are located.
You'll typically need to collect Maryland sales tax on:
- Tangible, personal property and goods you sell, such as furniture, cars, electronics, appliances, books, raw materials, etc.
- Certain services your business might provide
Most states do not levy sales tax on goods that are considered necessities, like food, medications, clothing, or gas.
Federal Taxes for LLCs
As the owner of an LLC, you must pay self-employment tax and federal income tax, both of which are levied as “pass-through taxation."
Federal taxes can be complicated, so speak to your accountant or professional tax preparer to ensure that your Alaska LLC is paying the correct amount.
Federal Self-Employment Tax
All members or managers who take profits out of the LLC must pay self-employment tax. This tax is administered by the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) and covers Social Security, Medicare, and other benefits. The current self-employment tax rate is 15.3%.
You’ll be able to deduct some of your business expenses from your income when calculating how much self-employment tax you owe.
Here are some examples of how much self-employment tax you may need to pay, depending on your earnings:
- On profits of $45,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $6,885.
- On profits of $65,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $9,945.
- On profits of $85,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $13,005.
- On profits of $125,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $19,125.
Pay Less Self-Employment Tax by Treating Your LLC as an S Corporation
The Internal Revenue Service allows an LLC to be treated as an S Corporation for tax purposes, provided your business meets certain requirements. This can help you reduce the amount of self-employment tax you pay by allowing you to declare some of your income as salary and other income as distributions or withdrawals.
Speak to your accountant or professional tax preparer for more information on reducing your LLC self-employment tax through an S Corporation tax election.
Treating Your LLC as an S Corp Can Help You Save Money.
You can do this by making an “S Corporation Tax Election” with the IRS using Form 2553. We can file your Form 2553 with the IRS on your behalf.Get My LLC Treated as an S Corp
Federal Income Tax
You must also pay regular federal income tax on any earnings you take out of your Alaska LLC. The amount of income tax you pay depends on your earnings, current income tax bracket, deductions, and filing status.
You only pay federal income tax on profits you take out of the business, less certain deductions and allowances. This includes your tax-free amount, plus business expenses and other deductions for areas such as healthcare and some retirement plans. Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employee and Employer Taxes
If you pay employees, there are some slightly different tax implications. Speak to your accountant to get clear guidance for your unique situation.
Employer Payroll Tax Withholding
All employers are required to withhold federal taxes from their employees’ wages. You’ll withhold 7.65% of their taxable wages, and your employees will also be responsible for 7.65%, adding up to the current federal tax rate of 15.3%.
Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employees May Need to File Tax Returns
Regardless of whether you withhold federal and state income tax, your employees may need to file their own tax returns.
Employee Insurance and Other Requirements
You may also need to pay insurance for any employees, such as employee compensation insurance or unemployment tax.
Other Taxes and Duties
Depending on your industry, you may be liable for certain other taxes and duties. For example, if you sell gasoline, you may need to pay a tax on any fuel you sell. Likewise, if you import or export goods, you may need to pay certain duties.
Speak to your accountant about any other taxes or duties you may need to withhold or pay.
Estimated Taxes for Your LLC
Most LLCs must pay estimated taxes throughout the year, depending on the amount of profit and income you expect to make.
The most common types of estimated tax are:
- Federal income tax
- Federal self-employment tax
Most LLCs will pay estimated taxes on a quarterly basis. Learn more on the IRS website, and speak to your accountant for more information.
FAQs on Alaska Business Taxes
Does Alaska Have a Sales Tax?
Unlike many other states, Alaska does not have a statewide sales tax. You can read more about it above.
What Is the Alaska Corporate Income Tax?
The Alaska Corporate Income tax is a tax on the Alaska taxable income of every domestic or foreign corporation which enjoys the benefits and protections of the government and laws in the State of Alaska. You can read more about it above.
Does Alaska Have a State Income Tax?
No, unlike most states, Alaska does not have a state income tax.
Does Alaska Have a Franchise Tax?
No, Alaska does not have a franchise tax.
Do I Need to Pay Estimated Taxes?
Yes. In most cases, you must pay estimated taxes to the state and federal governments. You can find more information above.