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How Your LLC Will Be Taxed
In this guide, we’ll cover the main business taxes required in Iowa, including payroll, self-employment and federal taxes. The profits of an LLC aren’t taxed at the business level like C Corporations. Instead, taxes are as follows:
- Owners pay self-employment tax on business profits.
- Owners pay state income tax on any profits, minus state allowances or deductions
- Owners pay federal income tax on any profits, minus federal allowances or deductions.
- Employers pay payroll tax on any wages they pay to employees.
- Employees pay state and federal taxes on their earnings.
Items 1, 2 and 3 fall under pass-through taxation for any LLC owners, managers or members who receive profits from the business. Profits are reported on federal and state personal tax returns.
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State Taxes for LLCs
There are two main types of state tax you must pay to the Iowa Department of Revenue: income tax, and sales and use tax.
Iowa Income Tax
As a business owner, you’ll need to pay Iowa income tax on any money you pay to yourself out of your LLC. These earnings flow through to your personal tax return. You’ll be taxed at Iowa's standard rates, and you’ll also be able to apply regular allowances and deductions.
Any employees will also need to pay state income tax.
The Iowa income tax rate varies between 0.33 and 8.53%, depending on which bracket you fall into based on your earnings.
Iowa Corporate Income Tax
If your business is incorporated in Iowa, does business in, or participates in certain other activities in Iowa, you may have to file an annual Iowa State Corporation tax return.
You’ll have to pay Corporate Income Tax if you’ve elected to have your LLC taxed as a corporation. The Corporation Income Tax is a tax on the Iowa taxable income of every domestic or foreign corporation that enjoys the benefits and protections of the government and laws in the State of Iowa, or derives income from property, activity or other sources in Iowa. The current Iowa Corporate Income Tax is made up of four tax brackets with rates ranging from 6% to 12% - the highest corporate tax rate in the USA.
Iowa Sales and Use Tax
If you sell physical products or certain types of services, you may need to collect retail sales tax and then pay it to the Iowa Department of Revenue. Iowa https://tax.iowa.gov/iowa-sales-and-use-tax-guidesales and use tax is collected at the point of purchase. The listed sales and use tax rate for Iowa is 6%, but most local jurisdictions opt to impose the local option sales tax of 1%, bringing the combined sales tax to 7%.
You'll typically need to collect Iowa sales and use tax on:
- Tangible, personal property and goods that you sell like furniture, cars, electronics, appliances, books, raw materials, etc.
- Certain services your business might provide
Most states do not levy sales tax on goods that are considered necessities, like food, medications, clothing or gas. Check with the State Department of Revenue to confirm whether your business is required to collect Iowa sales and use tax.
Federal Taxes for LLCs
As the owner of an LLC, you must pay self-employment tax and federal income tax, both of which are levied as “pass-through taxation."
Federal taxes can be complicated, so speak to your accountant or professional tax preparer to ensure that your Iowa LLC is paying the correct amount.
Federal Self-Employment Tax
All members or managers who take profits out of the LLC must pay self-employment tax. This tax is administered by the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA), and covers Social Security, Medicare and other benefits. The current self-employment tax rate is 15.3%.
You’ll be able to deduct some of your business expenses from your income when calculating how much self-employment tax you owe.
Here are some examples of how much self-employment tax you may need to pay, depending on your earnings
- On profits of $25,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $3,825
- On profits of $50,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $7,650
- On profits of $75,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $11,475
- On profits of $100,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $15,300
Pay Less Self-Employment Tax by Treating Your LLC as an S Corporation
The Internal Revenue Service allows an LLC to be treated as an S Corporation for tax purposes, provided your business meets certain requirements. This can help you reduce the amount of self-employment tax you pay by allowing you to declare some of your income as salary and other income as distributions or withdrawals.
Speak to your accountant or professional tax preparer for more information on reducing your LLC self-employment tax through an S Corporation tax election.
Treating Your LLC as an S Corp Can Help You Save Money.
You can do this by making an “S Corporation Tax Election” with the IRS using Form 2553. We can file your Form 2553 with the IRS on your behalf.Get My LLC Treated As an S Corp
Federal Income Tax
You must also pay regular federal income tax on any earnings you take out of your Iowa LLC. The amount of income tax you pay depends on your earnings, current income tax bracket, deductions and filing status.
You only pay federal income tax on profits you take out of the business, less certain deductions and allowances. This includes your tax-free amount, plus business expenses and other deductions for areas such as healthcare and some retirement plans.
Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employee and Employer Taxes
If you pay employees, there are some slightly different tax implications. Speak to your accountant to get clear guidance for your unique situation.
Employer Payroll Tax Withholding
All employers are required to withhold federal taxes from their employees’ wages. You’ll withhold 7.65% of their taxable wages, and your employees will also be responsible for 7.65%, adding up to the current federal tax rate of 15.3%.
Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employees May Need to File Tax Returns
Regardless of whether you withhold federal and state income tax, your employees may need to file their own tax returns.
Employee Insurance and Other Requirements
You may also need to pay insurance for any employees, such as employee compensation insurance or unemployment tax.
Other Taxes and Duties
Depending on your industry, you may be liable for certain other taxes and duties. For example, if you sell gasoline, you may need to pay a tax on any fuel you sell. Likewise, if you import or export goods, you may need to pay certain duties.
Speak to your accountant about any other taxes or duties you may need to withhold or pay.
Estimated Taxes for Your LLC
Most LLCs must pay estimated taxes throughout the year, depending on the amount of profit and income you expect to make. The most common types of estimated tax are:
- Federal income tax
- Federal self-employment tax
- Iowa income tax
Most LLCs will pay estimated taxes on a quarterly basis. Learn more on the IRS website, and speak to your accountant for more information.
FAQs on Iowa Business Taxes
Does Iowa Have a Sales Tax?
Yes, Iowa has a 6% sales tax. You can read more about it above.
What Is the Iowa Corporate Income tax?
The Iowa Corporate Income tax is a tax on the Iowa taxable income of every domestic or foreign corporation which enjoys the benefits and protections of the government and laws in the State of Iowa. You can read more about it above.
Does Iowa Have a State Income Tax?
Yes. Iowa does have a state income tax. You can find more information above.
Does Iowa Have a Franchise Tax?
Yes, however Iowa only imposes the franchise tax on financial institutions such as banks and trust companies. You can find more information in this Iowa Legislature Publication.
Do I Need to Pay Estimated Taxes?
Yes. In most cases, you must pay estimated taxes to the state and federal governments. You can find more information above.